Tkinter Progressbar

Summary: in this tutorial, you’ll learn about the Tkinter Progressbar widget.

Introduction to the Tkinter Progressbar widget

A Progressbar widget allows you to give feedback to the user about the progress of a long-running task. To create a Progressbar widget, you use the ttk.Progressbar class:

ttk.Progressbar(container, **options)
Code language: Python (python)

The following shows the typical parameters to create a Progressbar widget:

ttk.Progressbar(container, orient, length, mode)
Code language: Python (python)

In this syntax:

  • The container is the parent component of the progressbar.
  • The orient can be either 'horizontal' or 'vertical'.
  • The length represents the width of a horizontal progress bar or the height of a vertical progressbar.
  • The mode can be either 'determinate' or 'indeterminate'.

The indeterminate mode

In the indeterminate mode, the progressbar shows an indicator that bounces back and forth between the ends of the widget.

Typically, you use the indeterminate mode when you don’t know how to accurately measure the time that the long-running task takes to complete.

The determinate mode

In the determinate mode, the progressbar shows an indicator from the beginning to the end of the widget.

If you know how to measure the relative progress, you can use the determinate mode.

The important methods of a progressbar

The Progressbar has the following important methods:

  • start([interval]) – start moving the indicator every interval milliseconds. The interval defaults to 50ms.
  • step([delta]) – increase the indicator value by delta. The delta defaults to 1 millisecond.
  • stop() – stop moving the indicator of the progressbar.

Tkinter Progressbar examples

Let’s take some examples of creating progressbar widgets.

1) Tkinter Progressbar in the indeterminate mode example

The following program illustrates how to create a progressbar in the indeterminate mode. If you click the start button, the progressbar starts moving the indicator. When you click the stop button, the progressbar stops moving the progress indicator:

import tkinter as tk from tkinter import ttk # root window root = tk.Tk() root.geometry('300x120') root.title('Progressbar Demo') root.grid() # progressbar pb = ttk.Progressbar( root, orient='horizontal', mode='indeterminate', length=280 ) # place the progressbar pb.grid(column=0, row=0, columnspan=2, padx=10, pady=20) # start button start_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Start', command=pb.start ) start_button.grid(column=0, row=1, padx=10, pady=10, sticky=tk.E) # stop button stop_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Stop', command=pb.stop ) stop_button.grid(column=1, row=1, padx=10, pady=10, sticky=tk.W) root.mainloop()
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

Tkinter Progressbar

How it works.

First, create a horizontal progressbar whose length is 280 pixels and mode is 'indeterminate':

pb = ttk.Progressbar( root, orient='horizontal', mode='indeterminate', length=280 )
Code language: Python (python)

Second, pass the Progressbar.start method to the command of the start button:

start_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Start', command=pb.start )
Code language: Python (python)

Third, pass the Progressbar.stop method to the command of the stop button:

stop_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Stop', command=pb.stop )
Code language: Python (python)

2) Tkinter Progressbar in the determinate mode example

The following program shows how to use a progressbar in the determinate mode:

from tkinter import ttk import tkinter as tk from tkinter.messagebox import showinfo # root window root = tk.Tk() root.geometry('300x120') root.title('Progressbar Demo') def update_progress_label(): return f"Current Progress: {pb['value']}%" def progress(): if pb['value'] < 100: pb['value'] += 20 value_label['text'] = update_progress_label() else: showinfo(message='The progress completed!') def stop(): pb.stop() value_label['text'] = update_progress_label() # progressbar pb = ttk.Progressbar( root, orient='horizontal', mode='determinate', length=280 ) # place the progressbar pb.grid(column=0, row=0, columnspan=2, padx=10, pady=20) # label value_label = ttk.Label(root, text=update_progress_label()) value_label.grid(column=0, row=1, columnspan=2) # start button start_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Progress', command=progress ) start_button.grid(column=0, row=2, padx=10, pady=10, sticky=tk.E) stop_button = ttk.Button( root, text='Stop', command=stop ) stop_button.grid(column=1, row=2, padx=10, pady=10, sticky=tk.W) root.mainloop()
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

How it works.

First, create a progressbar in the determinate mode:

pb = ttk.Progressbar( root, orient='horizontal', mode='determinate', length=280 )
Code language: Python (python)

Second, bind the progress() function to the click event of the progress button. Once the button is clicked, the value of the Progressbar is increased by 20% and the progress label is updated. Also, the program shows a message box indicating that the progress is completed if the value reaches 100:

def progress(): if pb['value'] < 100: pb['value'] += 20 value_label['text'] = update_progress_label() else: showinfo(message='The progress completed!')
Code language: Python (python)

Third, bind the stop() function to the click event of the stop button. Also, the stop() function wil updates the progress label.

def stop(): pb.stop() value_label['text'] = update_progress_label()
Code language: Python (python)

Summary

  • Use the ttk.Progressbar(container, orient, length, mode) to create a progressbar.
  • Use the indeterminate mode when the program cannot accurately know the relative progress to display.
  • Use the determinate mode if you know how to measure the progress accurately.
  • Use the start(), step(), and stop() methods to control the current value of the progressbar.
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