Python assertIsNone()

Summary: in this tutorial, you’ll learn how to use the Python assertIsNone() method to test if an expression is None.

Introduction to the Python assertIsNone() method

The assertIsNone() is a method of the TestCase class of the unittest module. The assertIsNone() test if an expression is None:

assertIsNone(expr, msg=None)
Code language: Python (python)

If the expr is None, the test passes. Otherwise, the test will fail.

The msg is optional. It’ll be displayed in the test result if the test fails.

Python assertIsNone() method examples

Let’s take some examples of using the assertIsNone() method.

1) Using assertIsNone() with a success case

The following example uses the assertIsNone() to test if the message variable is None:

import unittest class TestNone(unittest.TestCase): def test_variable_none(self): message = None self.assertIsNone(message)
Code language: Python (python)

Run the test:

python -m unittest -v
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

test_variable_none (test_none.TestNone) ... ok ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ran 1 test in 0.000s
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

2) Using assertIsNone() with a failed case

The following example uses the assertIsNone() method to test if the message variable is None:

import unittest class TestNone(unittest.TestCase): def test_variable_not_none(self): message = 'Hello' self.assertIsNone(message)
Code language: Python (python)

Run the test:

python -m unittest -v
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

test_variable_not_none (test_none.TestNone) ... FAIL ====================================================================== FAIL: test_variable_not_none (test_none.TestNone) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Traceback (most recent call last): File "D:\python-unit-testing\test_none.py", line 7, in test_variable_not_none self.assertIsNone(message) AssertionError: 'Hello' is not None ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1)
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

Since the message is 'Hello', it is not None. Therefore, the test failed.

3) Using assertIsNone() with a failed case with a message

The following example uses the assertIsNone() to test if the message variable is None. Also, we show a message when the test fails:

import unittest class TestNone(unittest.TestCase): def test_variable_not_none(self): message = 'Hello' self.assertIsNone( message, f'The message is "{message}" so it is not None.' )
Code language: Python (python)

Run the test:

python -m unittest -v
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

test_variable_not_none (test_none.TestNone) ... FAIL ====================================================================== FAIL: test_variable_not_none (test_none.TestNone) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Traceback (most recent call last): File "D:\python-unit-testing\test_none.py", line 7, in test_variable_not_none self.assertIsNone( AssertionError: 'Hello' is not None : The message is "Hello" so it is not None. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1)
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

Python assertIsNotNone() method

The assertIsNotNone() is opposite of the assertIsNone() method. The assertIsNotNone() method tests if a variable is not None.

assertIsNotNone(expr, msg=None)
Code language: Python (python)

The test passes if the expr is not None or fails otherwise. For example:

import unittest class TestNone(unittest.TestCase): def test_variable_is_not_none(self): message = 'Bye' self.assertIsNotNone(message)
Code language: Python (python)

Run the test:

python -m unittest -v
Code language: Python (python)

Output:

test_variable_is_not_none (test_not_none.TestNone) ... ok ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Ran 1 test in 0.001s OK
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

Summary

  • Use the assertIsNone() method to test if a variable is None.
  • use the assertIsNotNone() method to test if a variable is not None.
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